fatal: protocol error: bad line length character
fatal: protocol error: bad line length character is an error I started seeing when trying to perform
git fetch or
git pull from public Git repositories hosted at git.wincent.com. I am not entirely sure when the problem started but I first noticed it after updating my local Git install to version 1.6.4 (see "Updating to Git 1.6.4"), with the server still running 126.96.36.199 (see "Updating to Git 188.8.131.52").
First step, try using another version of Git to perform the clone. On the server itself:
$ git --version git version 184.108.40.206 $ cd /tmp $ git clone git://git.wincent.com/WOPublic.git Initialized empty Git repository in /tmp/WOPublic/.git/ fatal: protocol error: bad line length character
So we know it's not a conflict between 220.127.116.11 and 1.6.4. Could be a problem with the 18.104.22.168 server, so let's update the server; see "Updating to Git 1.6.4" for the full details.
Now we repeat our server-side
$ git --version git version 1.6.4 $ git clone git://git.wincent.com/WOPublic.git Initialized empty Git repository in /tmp/WOPublic/.git/ fatal: protocol error: bad line length character
So back to the old drawing board... Try cloning from a different server:
$ git clone git://github.com/wincent/WOPublic.git Initialized empty Git repository in /tmp/WOPublic/.git/ remote: Counting objects: 403, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (218/218), done. remote: Total 403 (delta 242), reused 297 (delta 172) Receiving objects: 100% (403/403), 153.31 KiB, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (242/242), done.
So we can see here that the problem is almost certainly not on the client side, regardless of whether the client is running 22.214.171.124 and 1.6.4. And we've also established that the problem on the server side was present in 126.96.36.199 just as it is in 1.6.4.
I wanted to see if this affected all repositories or just the one I was working with at that moment (WOPublic), but it turns out that the message is always the same, even for non-existent repos such as this fictional "xyz" one:
$ git clone git://git.wincent.com/xyz Initialized empty Git repository in /private/tmp/xyz/.git/ fatal: protocol error: bad line length character
Looks like this is going to be hideously painful, but I am going to try and bisect it. I am not even sure what the last known "good" version was, so I guess I am going to go back through the "major" revisions (1.6.3, 1.6.2, 1.6.1) until I find one that works, then will run
git bisect from there:
$ git co v1.6.3 $ make clean $ NO_CURL=1 NO_EXPAT=1 NO_SVN_TESTS=1 NO_TCLTK=1 make test prefix=/usr/local $ sudo -s # NO_CURL=1 NO_EXPAT=1 NO_SVN_TESTS=1 NO_TCLTK=1 make prefix=/usr/local install
- v1.6.2 (broken)
- v1.6.1 (works)
That's a relief. We can start the real bisection:
$ git bisect start v1.6.2 v1.6.1 $ make clean $ NO_CURL=1 NO_EXPAT=1 NO_SVN_TESTS=1 NO_TCLTK=1 make test prefix=/usr/local $ sudo -s # NO_CURL=1 NO_EXPAT=1 NO_SVN_TESTS=1 NO_TCLTK=1 make prefix=/usr/local install # exit
git bisect good or
git bisect bad, depending on the result and repeat...
Ultimately, we bisect down to this:
8e3462837b0ace04357503a3f58802cc2231df29 is first bad commit commit 8e3462837b0ace04357503a3f58802cc2231df29 Author: Steffen Prohaska <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: Sun Jan 18 13:00:13 2009 +0100 Modify setup_path() to only add git_exec_path() to PATH Searching git programs only in the highest priority location is sufficient. It does not make sense that some of the required programs are located at the highest priority location but other programs are picked up from a lower priority exec-path. If exec-path is overridden a complete set of commands should be provided, otherwise several different versions could get mixed, which is likely to cause confusion. If a user explicitly overrides the default location (by --exec-path or GIT_EXEC_PATH), we now expect that all the required programs are found there. Instead of adding the directories "argv_exec_path", "getenv(EXEC_PATH_ENVIRONMENT)", and "system_path(GIT_EXEC_PATH)" to PATH, we now rely on git_exec_path(), which implements the same order, but only returns the highest priority location to search for executables. Accessing only the location with highest priority is also required for testing executables built with RUNTIME_PREFIX. The call to system_path() should be avoided if RUNTIME_PREFIX is set and the executable is not installed at its final destination. Because we test before installing, we want to avoid calling system_path() during tests. The modifications in this commit avoid calling system_path(GIT_EXEC_PATH) if a higher-priority location is provided, which is the case when running the tests. Signed-off-by: Steffen Prohaska <email@example.com> Acked-by: Johannes Sixt <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <email@example.com>
This is on a server with Git installed using
/usr/local/bin is not in the default
PATH so the daemon is launched via xinetd with the following settings in
serveris explicitly set to the absolute path,
server_args, we pass
--exec-path=/usr/local/bin daemon --inetdetc
The key paragraph in the commit message for 8e34628 sheds light on what's happening here:
If a user explicitly overrides the default location (by --exec-path or GIT_EXEC_PATH), we now expect that all the required programs are found there. Instead of adding the directories "argv_exec_path", "getenv(EXEC_PATH_ENVIRONMENT)", and "system_path(GIT_EXEC_PATH)" to PATH, we now rely on git_exec_path(), which implements the same order, but only returns the highest priority location to search for executables.
So, dropped the explicit
--exec-path from the
server_args and the
bad line length character errors go away. The
git executable is obviously smart enough to know where the needed binaries are (currently
/usr/local/libexec/git-core) and so doesn't need the explicit parameter; and in fact, it was something that I only ever added in the first place to fix breakage caused by changes to where the binaries were stored and how they were searched for (see "Upgrading to Git 1.5.4").
- Entry on the official Git FAQ for the
protocol error: bad line length charactermessage (not really helpful/applicable to this specific case as it applies to SSH-based access and I am talking about anonymous public access using the Git protocol): http://git.or.cz/gitwiki/GitFaq#protocolerror.3Abadlinelengthcharacter
- Mailing list thread: http://kerneltrap.org/mailarchive/git/2007/1/20/236259
- Google search for '"protocol error: bad line length character" git' (currently 209 results at time of writing)