Migrating from macOS to LinuxEdit

Around May 2017 I started seriously thinking of switching to Linux for my next machine. These are some notes made while weighing it up.

Is this viable?

At its core, this may be realistic because:

  • I spend most of my working life in Chrome and the Terminal.
  • I have a mutt-based email set-up that I am pretty happy with.
  • You can get some very powerful hardware (with actual ports and a quality keyboard) on the Linux side.

But there are some pretty big downsides:

  • Need to find replacements for indispensible software, and go without "dispensible-but-preferred" software.
  • Can’t sync an iPhone with Linux, so would (gasp!) have to switch to Android.

Are there alternatives to switching?

  • At least for now, Apple still sells refurbished 2015 MacBook Pros (the last "good" Apple laptops). You could buy one of these and hope that Apple unfucks their laptop line by the time the refurbished one dies.

What’s the motivation?

  • Apple has a penchant for breaking things in unexpected and arbitrary ways. For example, the introduction of S.I.P. (System Integrity Protection) — laudable though it may be from a security perspective — basically broke all RubyGem installs by default. Or the way Sierra broke Karabiner, which I utterly rely on.
  • iTerm is so slow, and it appears that macOS’s own graphics APIs are the bottleneck; this is fine on the laptop screen, but a real killer when plugged into a 4K external display.
  • Apple is going nowhere fast with its hardware, with the last MacBook Pros being an insane cluster fuck of dongles, Touch Bars and no compelling performance or capacity upgrades in exchange for the lost convenience: I’d much rather have a "PC" laptop, even an ugly one, with a bunch of ports, an SD card slot, a bunch of RAM, and no ridiculous Touch Bar. The new keyboard is infamously prone to failure but basically can’t be repaired (you have to replace the whole top plate, apparently). It also departs from the classic "inverted-T" cluster for the cursor keys. In short, it’s a mess.
  • The System76 Oryx Pro looks insanely powerful, and it comes with Linux installed by default (it also has a smaller, "sexier" sibling in the form of the Galago Pro, which doesn’t have the unnecessary number pad nor the ridiculously off-center trackpad).


I would need (or strongly want) to find workable replacements for everything on the OS X "must haves" page, and a few other apps that I haven’t listed there.

  • Flux: Can probably replace with Redshift.
  • Hammerspoon (and Karabiner): Probably screwed here; will likely be a lot of work to replace these.
  • Homebrew: Might miss the convenience here, but can get by without it, I think; as I haven’t chosen a distro yet, not clear how good I can expect the native package management to be.
  • Isolator: No idea.
  • iTerm 2: Will have no trouble finding a performant replacement, but there may be some niche features that I miss.
  • CleanShot: Oh well, was nice knowing you. Will just have to settle for whatever is out there.
  • OmniDiskSweeper: No idea, but I expect there are viable alternatives out there.
  • 1Password: Will be stuck with web view for foreseeable future.
  • Alfred: Will miss the snippets support and the auto-text expansion. There is a project called Albert, but I suspect it is missing a bunch of features.
  • Arq: Will sorely miss this one, but I believe there are less sophisticated alternatives that will meet the need.
  • Net Monitor: Sorry to see you go, after about 16 years of faithful service.
  • Super Duper! Not sure how many bootable backups I expect to make, but will have to find an alternative.
  • xScope: No idea.
  • Spotify: Web client? (There is an "unsupported" client available from Spotify.)
  • iStat Menus: Will miss these little suckers.
  • Bartender: Maybe not relevant?

Other apps that I haven’t listed on that page but which I would miss:

  • Screenflow
  • Fantastical
  • Sync: Seems that only web-based access is available for now.
  • KeyCastr
  • Marked 2
  • Monodraw
  • Photos: Yes, this sucks compared to Aperture, at least in terms of feature set, but I really can’t imagine anything on Linux being as fast and robust. Note there isn’t even a Google Photos client for Linux at this time.
  • Capture One 12: No Linux client.
  • Things: Would have to find an alternative
  • Xcode: Ha ha, just joking.

Losing some of these would hurt but be livable, but some of the others would be really, really big losses. This is why in that tweet that I linked to above, I put my chances of switching at "approaching 50%".


An option to consider: dual-boot into macOS for those things that are super hard to replace. (Would require sticking with Apple hardware, that I am not super keen on given the nonsense with the lack of ports and the Touch Bar.)


  • System upgrades, long term support, and stability.
  • Choosing a distro? (Likely will go with Arch Linux).
  • I’ve used Linux on the server for many years and very happy with it there, but hard to know what it would be like as a desktop platform, as I haven’t really ever gone beyond playing with it in that capacity.